The federal government’s support for PreK-12 education supplements state and local resources, and supports specific grant programs administered by states to school districts.
Programs funded through formula and competitive grants include:
Title l, Part A
The largest federal funding program, Title I, Part A, provides assistance through SEAs to LEAs and schools with high numbers of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards.
for more information.
Title ll, Part A
This program provides supplemental funding to help support effective instruction. Funds are provided to SEAs which then sub-grant funds to LEAs.
For more information, visit www.ed.gov/programs/teacherqual/index.html
Title lll, Part A
This program aims to ensure that English learners (ELs) and immigrant students attain English proficiency and develop high levels of academic achievement in English. Title III will also assist all English learners to meet the same challenging state academic standards that all children are expected to meet.
More information can be found at: https://oese.ed.gov/offices/office-of-formula-grants/school-support-and-accountability/english-language-acquisition-state-grants/
Title IV, Part A
This program is intended to improve students’ academic achievement by increasing the capacity of states, local education agencies (LEAs), schools, and local communities to (1) provide all students with access to a well-rounded education, (2) improve school conditions for student learning, and (3) enhance the use of technology in order to improve the academic achievement and digital literacy of all students. SEAs reserve 5% of funds and allocate 95% to LEAs.
Title IV, Part B
21st Century Community Learning Center grants provide funding to expand learning and academic enrichment opportunities during non-school hours, so that students who attend high-poverty and low-performing schools can meet challenging state academic standards.
Find more information at https://www2.ed.gov/programs/21stcclc/index.html.
IDEA, Part B
Funds under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA Part B), provide formula grants to assist states in providing a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment for children with disabilities, ages three through 21. SEAs subgrant these funds to LEAs.
For more information, visit: https://www2.ed.gov/fund/data/award/idea/index.html
The purpose of the Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy (SRCL) discretionary grants is to create a comprehensive literacy program to advance literacy skills — including pre-literacy skills, reading, and writing — for students from birth through grade 12, including limited-English-proficient students and students with disabilities.
For more information, visit: https://oese.ed.gov/offices/office-of-discretionary-grants-support-services/well-rounded-education-programs/striving-readers-comprehensive-literacy-srcl-formula-grants-84-371a-for-state-literacy-teams/